Will the tattoo hurt?

Most people find the procedure quite comfortable. I use very effective pain control /numbing products safely during all treatments. These are specifically compounded by a pharmacist to suit different tattoo areas.

Is cosmetic tattoo safe & what are pigments made from?

P I G M E N T S My Li Pigments are purchased from a reputable supplier who has been manufacturing pigments since the 1990’s. They follow current GPMS (Good Practice Manufacturing) and produce final pigment products from safe ingredients approved to be used. These ingredients include Iron Oxide and Titanium Dioxide, a safe non-reactive substance and specifically manufactured for implantation into human skin, distilled water, glycerine and alcohol to keep the pigments bacteria free. Since there are no specific laws in the US, there ARE laws and regulations in Europe and Li Pigments as a company adheres to those laws in EU and pass all the EU testing as such. A N A E S T H E T I C S My numbing creams and gels are manufactured by a local compound pharmacist under strict guidelines and contain the legally allowed numbing agents. My eyeline anesthetic has the same PH balance as tears. Never apply over the counter Emla cream to the eye area as this may result in severe irritation or worse - the PH balance is totally different to tears. In November 2019 I completed accredited training'Advanced Safe Use of Topical Anaesthetics' to ensure your safety. SKIN PENETRATION Despite there being no regulations nor laws to do so, I gained Skin Penetration/Infection Control accreditation several years ago to ensure I am never compromising your health. The local council inspects my premises yearly and I have always been highly praised for my good health practise. WHAT ABOUT TATTOO EQUIPMENT? My tattoo equipment is disposable ‘one use’ and all other consumables, including my tattoo machine, are covered with barrier film to prevent cross contamination.

What can I expect upon arrival?

- Allow approximately 2 hours for the initial treatment (brows & upper/lower eyeline together and 1.5 hours for upper or lower eyeline). - You will be requested to complete a form detailing your medical history etc. - A ‘before’ photo will be taken. - Pre numb will be applied. - Pigment colour and brow shape or eyeline will be discussed and decided upon whilst the numbing is working. - After removal of numbing, I’ll pencil your brow or commence the eyeline tattoo. - When you are happy with the shape, length etc of the brow, I mark around the shape with a surgical marker to ensure integrity of the shape whilst tattooing. - After the first pass, a second numbing gel will be applied for several minutes. - I then continue to create the brow, (or tattoo the eyeline) implanting pigment until satisfied with this initial treatment. - ‘After’ photos are taken. - After care applied. - You will be requested to sign that you are satisfied with the result and have been given after care instructions. - An appointment is made for the follow up treatment approximately 6 weeks after the initial appointment. This entails tattooing over the whole brow again, making any minor adjustments. - You will then be contacted 12 months after your treatment to assess whether you feel you require a colour boost (touch up).

How long will my tattoo last?

Pigments made from Iron Oxide are used in Cosmetic Tattoo and are made to fade over time vs Tattoo Ink that contain substances to render them more permanent and fadeproof. As we age, facial features fade so we want the pigments to do the same. This allows me to alter the pigment colour as hair, skin and other facial features age/change. Generally a brow will require a touch up, or colour boost as its known, around 12 - 18 months. There will most likely still be visible colour in the area, however, it may appear faded. Generally if you have started to apply pencil or powder, or if the tattoo has turned a little orangey or ashy, its a good indication that you need a colour boost. (Refer to question "Why has my tattoo changed colour"). Eyeline may last for years without requiring a colour boost but others may require a colour boost sooner. The reason we cannot guarantee how long a tattoo will last is because everyone is unique. There are many reasons why a tattoo fades and some include the amount of acids and oils within our bodies, medications can affect retention and colour, lifestyle, ie the sun, salt and chlorine in water will fade tattoo, moisturisers with AHA's, to name a few. The skin is our largest organ and the pigment is implanted into this organ, hence anything we put on or into our body has an effect on the tattoo. We don't always know whats going on in our body, for example, if you become low in iron, your body will grab iron from wherever it can - remember, pigments are made from iron oxide....this can result in a tattoo turning an unusual colour (which may be corrected).

My tattoo has faded to an unusual colour. Can it be corrected?

Firstly, yes, most cosmetic tattoo can be corrected unless the skin is very saturated with pigment in which case it may need to be removed. Colour theory is used, for example if a brow has faded orangey, I would camouflage/correct using a green based pigment or modifier. If the brow has faded ashy (grey) I would use an orange based pigment or modifier to correct. Many tattoos created in Bali fade purple or mauve - I use yellow to attempt to correct these. There are many reasons why a tattoo changes colour. I have listed a few common causes: >Iron deficiency; >Medications; >Lifestyle; swimming in chlorine or salt water, sun lovers, outdoor sports etc.; Illness; >Too warm or too cool a pigment compared to your skin type;

Are you a good candidate?

There are certain contraindications and during your consultation, your medical history will be discussed thoroughly. Reasons why you may not be suitable for tattoo (common examples):

  • Heart condition - your doctor's permission is required.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding - definitely a no no and generally we wait 3 months after breast feeding due to the change in hormone activity.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Prone to Keloid scarring
  • Pacemaker
  • Cancer
  • It is advisable to wait at least 3 weeks after having Botox in the brow & forehead area.
  • It is advisable to wait at least 4 weeks after having Fillers in the area that is to be tattooed.
  • You must wait 6 weeks after any surgery in the area that is to be tattooed (at times it is best to obtain your doctor's permission and particularly if you had trouble healing).
Medications (some common examples):
  • Blood thinners - your doctor's permission to stop these for several days would be required.
  • Accutane or Roacutane
  • Latisse (lash serum) - you would be required to stop using this for 3 months prior to an eyeline tattoo.
Many medications and even vitamins can affect the colour and/or retention of your tattoo, however, technicians are not doctors and we don't know the full extent of an affect of all medications. We do know that fish oil, tumeric, anti-inflammatory meds, thyroxine, (just to name a few) can affect the tattoo, however, you will be asked to stop taking the unprescribed vitamins for a week prior to your tattoo.

Is there any down time and what will it look like immediately after?

There is no down time. The majority of clients walk out with a brow that looks like its been there forever, particularly with the feathered technique which is the most natural. Some clients love their tattoo immediately and others feel its too dark or too thick simply because they aren't used to it. I'm often asked to use a darker pigment or to thicken the brow at the follow up appointment. The eyeline will appear very dark and bold but will fade by about 50% or more within 7-10 days. Any swelling usually disappears within a short while, especially when a cold compress is applied.

Why don't you tattoo thick eyeliner and a wing?

Firstly I agree that the more dramatic eyeline looks the bomb but over the years I've seen women (both young and mature) who need a Blepharoplasty (hooded eyelid surgery). During Bleph surgery, the excess skin is removed from the crease in the upper eyelid and is stretched upwards. Can you imagine where the wing ends up..... and if the eyeline is thick, it also stretches. Not a good look, especially with age. The other reason is fads change! Look back over years past. You can always add liner for a more dramatic look but you can't remove a tattooed 'egyptian' style tattooed liner! In a small percentage of people, black eyeliner can spread a little under the skin, resulting in a smudged effect. It is rare for this migration to occur but you need to be aware that it is possible. To help prevent this, I never tattoo right to the corners of the eyes where migration can more easily occur.

What after care will I be required to follow?

It is imperative that after care is followed precisely. If not, your new tattoo will be compromised. AFTER CARE PACK

  • After your tattoo has been completed, you will be given an after care pack containing: Instructions on the do's and don'ts;
  • Stratamed gel or Bepanthen cream to apply to your tattoo;
  • Waterproof shields to keep your brow or eyeline dry;
  • Your appointment date for your follow up (or perfection treatment as it is also known).
Some of the newer technicians are advising their clients to 'dry heal', however, I've found the healing time and pigment retention to be excellent using Stratamed (heals the brow very quickly, thereby seals the pigment) or Bepanthen cream that contains Vitamin E and is also antibacterial. I'm always open to new techniques etc, however, I feel strongly that the brow should be kept moist for around one week. I have listed the most basic but important requirements:
  • Keep the tattooed area dry for at least 2 days (with the exception of Stratamed or Bepanthen cream of course which should be applied for at least one week).
  • Keep your head out of salt or pool water for 2 weeks.
  • Don't put any moisturisers, cleansers, makeup etc near your tattooed area for at least one week. (Foundation contains pigment and can turn the brow tattoo orangey).
  • Stay out of the sun until the tattooed area heals.
  • Don't tint your brow or lashes for two weeks.
  • Avoid heavy sport for one week (perspiration has salt and salt is a natural exfoliant which will stop the bonding process).
  • It isn't advisable to visit places such as Bali etc, within 2 weeks post tattoo as they have known water issues. The tattoo is a wound!
  • After two weeks, start applying block out on your brow, particularly when in the sun.
  • NOTE: You cannot give blood for 4 months following your tattoo treatment.

What credentials do you hold?

Firstly, my training certificates and trophies are displayed in my studio should you wish to view them. QUALIFIED BEAUTY THERAPIST & MAKEUP ARTIST After leaving an office environment, I studied to became a qualified Beauty Therapist in 2004 and trained at Perth College of Beauty Therapy and Volona Beauty College gaining accreditation in all aspects of beauty including:

  • Waxing & tinting
  • Massage
  • Facials & Advanced facials
  • Makeup application
  • Gel & Acrylic nails
  • Pedicures & Manicures
  • Salon Etiquette
  • Marketing
  • Best Business Practice
Whilst I now commit the majority of my time tattooing, and have done for the past few years, I still enjoy waxing & tinting. I no longer offer any of the other beauty therapy services. COSMETIC TATTOO During my beauty therapy training, Donna Moody-Martin, a friend of over 30 years and Principal of Australian Cosmetic Tattoo College, convinced me to become a tattoo technician and set about training me in 2005. One of my first tattoo's was a Bee on a client's behind! I have since trained with Donna (as well as other trainers):
  • Advanced brow techniques
  • Feathered brows
  • Machined brows
  • Ombre Brows
  • Advanced eyeliner techniques
  • Colour theory
  • Brow bootcamp
  • Brow correction
  • Lip tattoo (which I no longer perform) to name a few.
TATTOOED OMBRE BROWS I have training booked in February 2020 with Georgie Westley of Distinctive Features based in Melbourne. ASSOCIATION OF COSMETIC TATTOO AUSTRALIA As a long time member of the Association of Cosmetic Tattoo, over the years have attended training sessions in Sydney with local, national and international tattoo masters. I have won two national awards in the advanced cosmetic tattoo division run by the association and runner up another year. SKIN PENETRATION & INFECTION CONTROL Whilst this isn't an industry requirement, I gained Skin Penetration accreditation with EZE training several years ago to ensure my treatments were done in a hygenic and ethical manner. 3D AREOLA & NIPPLE TATTOO I was trained by Christine Comans from Meditatt in Perth in the art and micropigmentation of Areola & Nipple tattooing. I wanted to be trained by the best and after research, found Christine's name popping up again and again with members of the Breast Angels together with their surgeons, so the choice was simple. ONCOLOGY AESTHETICS To further my training and to understand about the affect of asthetics on cancer patients as well as those who had been cleared of the disease (but were affected by the treatments), I attended this workshop hosted by Canadian educator Morag Currin. I found this to be incredibly helpful in learning more about Lymphedema, infection and many other aspects that may have an adverse effect on a patient when tattooing. COLOUR THEORY This was an indepth course using my 'go to' Li Pigments as examples and was hosted by Christine Comans and Caroline Broes, WA supplier for Li Pigments.This furthered my education in making the right pigment choice for each individual skin type and reiterated what I had learned in the day to day use of these pigments over the past 6 years. ADVANCED SAFE USE & APPLICATION OF TOPICAL ANESTHETICS I completed this accredited training in November 2019 with Chris Testa, Tugan Compounding, Pharmacist from QLD. Even though I've been administering topical anaesthetics for over 14 years, to learn more about how they work, why they work differently on some vs others etc, will be enlightening. In the near future this course will be mandatory which I believe is absolutely necessary.

Will black pigments stay black?

Firstly, I only ever use black on the eyeline and never on the brow. All blacks will eventually look a little blue-ish or grey-ish and this may happen immediately or months/years later. The darker the skin tone, the more chance it has of throwing a blue hue.

Why is a follow up or perfection treatment necessary?

A perfection treatment ideally is done 4-8 weeks following your initial tattoo appointment. After your initial treatment your immune system will send white blood cells to attempt to remove the foreign substance (pigment) from your skin. It will succeed in removing a small percentage. Some lose more pigment than others because we all have different immune systems - we are unique! Viewed up close, the tattoo may appear to have tiny patches and in some cases could possibly look quite faded. At your perfection treatment which generally takes 1.5 hours, I tattoo over the whole area again, concentrating on the areas that have faded more. The immune system will again send the white blood cells to remove the pigment, however, they have a 'memory' and will leave the newly tattooed area alone. This results in the tattoo lasting and it will continuie to fade with the normal cell exfoliation process, lifestyle etc.

When will I need a Colour Boost (touch up)?

F E A T H E R E D B R O W S Generally a colour boost is required between 12 and 18 months although I've had many clients who wait years. P O W D E R B R O W This technique generally lasts a little longer than feathered brows simply because the entire brow surface has been implanted with pigment. E Y E L I N E T A T T O O This area is tricky! Our tears contain salt and there are many oil glands around the eyes to keep them moist. Some people have very watery eyes and more salt than others. For these reasons and more, I have clients who return every year and I have clients who I tattooed 10 years ago who have never needed a colour boost.